Controlling Diabetes

Diabetes, describes a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood sugar, either because insulin production is insufficient, or because the body's cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both situations. Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience frequent urination; they will become increasingly thirsty and hungry.

There are two types of diabetes. Type 1 is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. In type 2 diabetes, the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin. When you eat food, the body breaks down all of the sugars and starches into glucose, which is the basic fuel for the cells in the body. Insulin takes the sugar from the blood into the cells.

Whether you're trying to prevent or control diabetes, there is some good news. Making a few lifestyle changes can radically lower the chances of developing diabetes. You can make a big difference with healthy lifestyle changes. The most important thing you can do for your health is to lose weight–and you don't have to lose all your extra pounds to reap the benefits

Excess weight is the single most important cause of type 2 diabetes. Being obese makes you 20 to 40 times more likely to develop diabetes than someone with a healthy weight. Working your muscles more often and making them work harder improves their ability to use insulin and absorb glucose. This puts less stress on your insulin-making cells.

Long bouts of hot, sweaty exercise aren't necessary to reap this benefit. Walking quickly for a half hour every day can reduces the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 30 percent. Eating right is vital if you're trying to prevent or control diabetes. While exercise is also important, what you eat has the biggest impact when it comes to weight loss. Nutritional needs are virtually the same everyone else: no special foods or complicated diets are necessary. A diabetes diet is simply a healthy eating plan that is high in nutrients, low in fat, and moderate in calories. It is a healthy diet for anyone!

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